China's electricity generation capacity is set to hit 2 billion kilowatts by 2020 to meet growing demand, and the country will also upgrade its electricity structure and distribution network to cut carbon emissions, the National Development and Reform Commission said yesterday.
Nearly 500 million KW are to be added in the next five years to the 1.53 billion KW at the end of 2015, as "the nation's electricity consumption would grow 3.6-4.8 percent annually to 680-720 million kilowatt-hours by 2020," the NDRC said in the 13th Five-year (2016-2020) Plan for electricity, which was unveiled yesterday.
By then, China's power generation capacity per capita would reach 1.4KW while the consumption per capita is to be 5,000kWh annually, "close to the standard of moderately developed countries," according to the NDRC, the country's top economic planner.
Of the 2 billion KW, 39 percent, or 770 million KW, should be generated by non-fossil fuel, while coal-fired generation capacity should be limited to 1.1 billion KW, or 55 percent of the total, in a bid to upgrade its power structure with more clean energy.
To meet the target, the government plans to trim over 20 million KW capacity from low-efficient coal power plants, while nuclear energy would increase by 30 million KW to 58 million KW in the next five years.
Besides upgrading the electricity structure, the country plans to allocate electricity more efficiently in a bid to save energy and cut carbon emission.
China plans to build more distribution channels in the west, where energy resources are abundant, to run to the east. Over 130 million KW will be added in these channels to bring the distribution capacity to 270 million KW by 2020.