My discovery on a trip last week to Bozeman, Montana, was not the Yellowstone National Park nearby, but the huge potential for China-U.S. agricultural trade and cooperation.
It was also a feeling Montana ranchers and farmers shared at an agricultural forum with Chinese embassy officials and business leaders in the backyard of Morgan Ranch House. The host, Craig Morgan, was excited about the prospect that quality feeder cattle raised on his open country ranch may finally end up on Chinese dinner tables after China lifted a 14-year ban on the import of beef from the United States.
As the world's second-largest beef importer, China imported about .5 billion worth of beef last year. Still, the per capita beef consumption in China is only 5 kilograms a year compared with the world average of 10 kg. So if China's per capita beef consumption increases to 10 kg, it will need an additional 6.5 million tons of beef a year to meet the demand.
The fast-growing middle class in China, estimated at 300 million－almost equal to the U.S.' population－is craving for quality food products from the U.S. and other countries, a craving further fuelled by food safety concerns in China in recent years.
Those representing Montana farms, as in other U.S. agricultural states, are already reaping the benefits of the rising demands in China, as it was the top destination for U.S. agricultural exports last year, with a total value of .4 billion. The trajectory looks encouraging as the export of U.S. agricultural goods to China grew 219 percent from 2006 to last year.
"Cultivating Opportunity: The Benefits of Increased U.S.-China Agricultural Trade", a U.S. Chamber of Commerce report released last November, predicted an additional cumulative gain of billion in bilateral agricultural trade in the 2016-25 period if the two sides reduce or remove some of their tariff and non-tariff barriers.
The U.S., as an advanced economy, has much to offer in modernizing China's agricultural sector. It means big business for U.S. agricultural machinery and expertise. That is why U.S. Senator Steve Daines from Montana is strongly opposed to even the idea of a trade war between the two countries, which he believes will cause U.S. farmers and ranchers the maximum loss.
The mood outside Washington is often different. At the Montana forum, farmers and ranchers discussed with Chinese participants how to expand practical cooperation, promote Montana beef in China and establish joint food processing ventures.
U.S. provincial and local leaders, such as governors and mayors, have always been interested in expanding practical cooperation with China, in sharp contrast to many politicians in Washington. A U.S.-China Business Council report released on Sept 7 showed that 432 of the total 435 U.S. congressional districts have seen triple-digit growth in the export of goods and services to China since 2006. China was among the top three goods-export markets for 263 districts last year, and among the top five for 358 districts. It was also the top services-export market for 93 congressional districts in 2015 and among the top five markets for 399 districts.
Outside Washington, it's all about down-to-earth business without even a hint of politics. In Washington, in contrast, President Donald Trump's administration launched an investigation under Section 301 of the U.S. Trade Law of 1974 into China's intellectual property practices last month and threatened recently－after the Democratic People's Republic of Korea conducted its sixth nuclear test－to stop trading with any country that continues to have trade ties with the DPRK, triggering fears of a trade war between the world's two largest economies.
China and the U.S. are like great natural partners for agricultural trade and cooperation, and no one should spoil that equation.
The author Chen Weihua is deputy editor of China DailyU.S.A.