The principal contradiction in China's economic development is the structural mismatch resulting from the supply side failing to evolve in step with the demand, a senior Chinese official said Wednesday at the World Economic Forum (WEF).
This aspect of China's economic policy urgently needs to be fixed, said Liu He, a member of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and director of the General Office of the Central Leading Group for Financial and Economic Affairs, in his speech at WEF.
The priority at the moment, he emphasized, is to cut excess capacity where necessary, reduce inventory in the housing sector, bring down the overall leverage ratio, lower cost across the board, and strengthen the weak links in the economy, ranging from public services to infrastructure and institutions.
"With these measures, we hope to make the supply side more adaptable and more innovative. Some initial progress has been made," Liu said.
Since 2016, China has cut over 115 million tons of steel capacity, eliminated an additional 140 million tons of substandard steel capacity, and phased out over 500 million tons of coal capacity.
Though these market clearing measures has led to price rises in some sectors, the total factor productivity growth stopped its decline and began to increase in 2016, Liu said.
"The positive spillover of our supply-side structural reform is being felt across the world. Indeed, this is a reform that we must continue and see through," he added.
Liu also elaborated on the necessity to transit the Chinese economy from a phase of rapid growth to one of high-quality development.
"Our focus needs to change from 'Is there enough?' to 'Is it good enough?'," he said.
Such a transition, he said, is the context in which China formulates its macroeconomic, structural, reform and social policies in the coming years.
"China's per capita income is moving up from the current level of 8,000-plus to 10,000 U.S. dollars and even higher. At such a stage of development, China needs to put more emphasis on structural improvement rather than quantity expansion," he said.
As China opens up wider to the outside world, this transition to a new model of development will create huge opportunities for many new industries.
"It means opportunities for businesses not just in China but across the world," said the senior official.
He outlined some of the tangible benefits already in place.
China's domestic demand has steadily expanded, with consumption contributing 58.8 percent to economic growth, nearly four percentage points higher than five years ago.
The added value of the service sector takes up 60 percent of GDP, more than five percentage points higher than five years ago.
And with more rural migrant workers settling down in cities, permanent urban residents have increased by another 80 million-plus in the past five years, accounting for 58.52 percent of the total population, nearly six percentage points higher than five years ago.
Meanwhile, China's energy intensity -- a measure of energy consumption per unit of GDP -- has fallen by 23.9 percent, according to Liu.
Liu's speech is part of the 400 forums, discussions and meetings during WEF 2018 that lasts from Jan. 23 to 26.
Under the theme of "Creating a Shared Future in a Fractured World", this year's forum is bringing together a record number of heads of state, government and international organizations alongside leaders from business, civil society, and academia.