Photo
        News
        Colleges & Universities
        Educational System
        Exchange Programs
      Chinese Proficiency Test
HSK Levels and For Whom They Are
Chinese Proficiency Certificates
The Advantage of Chinese Proficiency Certificates
Terms of Validity of HSK Certificates
Content and Duration of the HSK
HSK Dates
For Your Information
HSK Scholarships
HSK Examination Places
How to Register for the HSK
The HSK Scoring System (1)
The HSK Scoring System (2)
The HSK Scoring System (3)
The HSK Scoring System (4)
The HSK Scoring System (5)
Higher Education in China (1)

2004-09-02 15:24:38 King

 

  
  Higher or tertiary education in China includes regular universities, adult universities, university colleges, advanced vocational institutions as well as other alternative forms of higher education institutions.
  
  1.Higher education institutions

  According to the 2002 education report published by the Ministry of Education, by 2002, there were 16 million students at higher education institutions and the gross enrolment rate was 15%.

  In the year, 5,428,200 senior secondary school graduates were enrolled into regular universities and advanced vocational colleges. This included 3,205,000 students enrolled into regular higher education institutions and 2,223,200 were enrolled by adult higher education institutions, which was 522,200 and 263,900, respectively, more than in the previous year. The number of students at regular and adult higher education institutions and advanced vocational schools reached 14,625,200, with 9,033,600 at regular universities, 5,591,600 at adult higher education institutions.

  In addition, universities and research institutions enrolled 202,600 postgraduates, 37,400 more than in the previous year. The total number of postgraduates at school reached 501,000, 107,800 more than in the previous year.

  There were 2003 higher education institutions, including 1,396 regular higher education institutions, 171 more than in the previous year. These include 629 regular universities and 607 adjust universities. The number of universities empowered to train postgraduates reached 728.

  Besides, there were more than 1,000 private colleges and universities, among which 20 of them were qualified and authorized to issue diplomas.

  China has also developed a self-taught examination system of higher education. Citizens can voluntarily apply to take examinations held by the Government. Diplomas of higher education are conferred to those who pass all the required examinations.

  2.Universities and university colleges

  Colleges and universities in China are administered through a unified control by the Central Government and management at two levels : the Central Government and the provincial governments. The State Council and the Ministry of Education are responsible for taking policy decisions, development plans, reforms and providing guidance to higher education institutions. The Ministry of Education also directly controls 34 regular colleges and universities. Provincial governments’ main responsibility is to manage admission, specialities, fund-raising and employment of graduates of colleges and universities in accordance with national policies and laws.
  
  All the higher education institutions have introduced the management system of the president assuming the sole responsibility. The president of a college or university is appointed by the government and his responsibility is to organize teaching, scientific research and social services, coordinating and developing external relationships.
  
  The Council of a college or university, headed by the president, mainly composed of vice-presidents, deans, heads of departments and faculty representatives. It is responsible for taking policy decision concerning matters of major important in the operation of the college or university.
  
  The Academic Council, composed of the president, academic vice-president and faculty representatives, is set to deal with examination and approval of research projects and post-graduate education programs, as well as examination and promotion of professorships and associate professorships.
  
  The Conference of the Staff Representatives, composed of faculty representatives is held regularly to examine and comment on the report by the president, and to make recommendations on important issues regarding teaching, research, and staff affairs.
  
  The Degree Committee is composed of major academic officials and professor representatives. It is to approve application of bachelor’s, master’s and doctor’s degrees, to make decisions on admission examinations for candidates of master’s and doctor’s degrees, and to manage other issues related to degree conferring.


 Font Large Medium Small
 Recommend to friends
 View comments on this article
 Most E-Mailed Articles(Most Popular)

Related Articles
Basic Education in China (2) (2004-08-31 09:13:45)
Basic Education in China (1) (2004-08-31 09:50:40)
Regulations on Cooperation in Running Schools(8) (2004-08-26 15:57:51)
Regulations on Cooperation in Running Schools(7) (2004-08-26 15:56:29)
Regulations on Cooperation in Running Schools(6) (2004-08-26 15:54:19)
Regulations on Cooperation in Running Schools(5) (2004-08-26 15:52:16)
Regulations on Cooperation in Running Schools(4) (2004-08-26 15:50:56)
Regulations on Cooperation in Running Schools(3) (2004-08-26 15:48:37)
Regulations on Cooperation in Running Schools(2) (2004-08-26 15:45:42)
Regulations on Cooperation in Running Schools(1) (2004-08-26 15:41:56)
China: A Land Educational Opportunities (2004-07-22 09:33:33)

Untitled Document
   Recommendation
A wild weekend in Inner Mongolia
Next to Tibet, Inner Mongolia is one of China's most extraordinary places. You'll be fascinated by the mystique of its stunning grasslands, the Gobi desert, the energetic Naadam festival and the Mongolian way of li...
Giant octopus back to the ocean
It's real people and it's a COS play, let's take a look...
Sex And the Chinese Cities

Remember the winner of the 1960 Best Picture Oscar The Apartment? Director Billy Wilder's bittersweet...