Terracotta Warriors And Horses

2004-09-07 17:33:59

 

  

11867477_2004090711381251194900.jpg

  The Mausoleum of the First Emperor of the Qin Dynasty (221 BC-206 BC), who successfully defeated all rival ducal states and unified China by establishing the first centralized feudal dynasty, is located at the northern foot of Lishan Hill in Lintong, Shaanxi Province. It is the largest mausoleum ever discovered in the world.
  
  
11867477_2004090711381687653200.jpg

  The mausoleum covers a total of 2.18 million square meters, with the tomb itself covering 220,000 square meters. The tomb was designed to be 166 meters high, but years of weathering and damage have reduced this to 76 meters. The bottom of the tomb measures 485 meters by 515 meters.
  
  
11867477_2004090711382124307100.jpg

  The mausoleum originally consisted of inner and outer sections. The outer section had a circumference of 6,294 meters. In addition, an underground palace, 450 meters long from south to north and 390 meters wide from east to west and covering more than 180,000 square meters, has been discovered. According to Records of the Historian written over 2,000 years ago by Sima Qian, the construction of the grand project involved 700,000 laborers and took 36 years to be completed.
  
  
11867477_2004090711382561990000.jpg

  To date, the tomb of the Emperor Qin has not been excavated. But his buried terracotta army unearthed nearby has already stunned the world and has been called the ^eighth wonder of the world ̄. They are the largest pottery figurine group ever unearthed in China. So far, three pits containing such figurines have been excavated. They cover a total area of 20,000 square meters. Some 8,000 life-sized warriors demonstrate a powerful military array under the rule of the First Emperor of the Qin Dynasty, 2,200 years ago.
  
  
11867477_2004090711383010046800.jpg

  Pit One, first discovered in 1974, measures 230 meters long and 62 meters wide, covering over 14,000 square meters. It contains more than 6,000 terracotta warriors, which, with their individual features and facial expressions, line up in battle-readiness, creating an awe-inspiring effect. The pit also buried a large number of chariots, weapons and other precious relics, of which some 10,000 metal weapons were unearthed. An unearthed bronze horse-driven chariot is the largest bronze ware ever found in the world.
  
  The mausoleum along with the underground army entered the list of world cultural heritage sites in 1987.
  
  The Emperor Qin`s Terra-cotta Museum
  
  Tel: 86-29-3911961
  
  
  

 Font Large Medium Small
 Recommend to friends
 View comments on this article
 Most E-Mailed Articles(Most Popular)

Related Articles
The Mogao Grottoes (2004-09-07 11:27:37)
Zhoukoudian, Home of Peking Man (2004-09-07 11:19:06)
The Forbidden City (2004-09-07 11:13:03)
The Great Wall (2004-09-07 11:08:40)

    Recommendation
Gong Li: third time for Hollywood
Acclaimed Chinese actress Gong Li will soon head to North America to start promoting her next film, the Hollywood thriller "Hannibal Rising," to be released globally on Feb. 9. Shanghai Youth Daily says around 6,500 copies will be prepared for the film's worldwide premiere. The 41-year-old actress plays the role of Lady Murasaki in the film, which is a prequel to "Silence of the Lambs."

   
Study: 9 to 12 year-old 'vulnerable period' for girls
Doctors say the time between the ages of nine and 12 seems to be a "particularly vulnerable period" for girls.That's because girls are more likely to become overweight in those years than they are as teenagers, doctors reports in Monday's Journal of Pediatrics .

  
   
U.S. launches fresh attack in Somalia

The United States launched a fresh air strike on Tuesday in southern Somalia, close to the place where the U.S. military struck against targets suspected of al-Qaeda operations a day earlier, reports reaching here said.